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Coordinate Geometry

Intersecting circles on graph paper with some associated construction linesThe great revolution that René Descartes (1596-1650) started allowed mathematicians to convert geometric problems into algebraic ones by placing shapes and construction lines on grid paper.  In order to achieve this, they learned techniques for setting up equations for lines and curves, and ways of calculating significant details about graphs (points, lengths, angles, areas, etc.) using algebra.

The relationship between geometry and algebra even worked in reverse.  Using algebraic arguments, mathematicians were able to prove that some classic problems in geometry actually impossible to solve.

Your journey with coordinate geometry begins with learning to locate points, then the midpoints between them, and then equations for lines, gradients of lines, lengths of intervals, etc.  In time, you will also learn to divide intervals into particular ratios, to calculate angles between lines, and to calculate the distance from a point to a line.

You will then learn how to construct equations for lines and curves from geometric principles (viewing them as loci).

All these skills will enhance your ability to solve difficult geometric problems using the power of algebra.

A huge adventure awaits you!

I have been watching your “Integration technique” videos with high expectation and excitement. They never fail to give me a lot of joy and much pleasure. You must have been one hell of teacher at your time! … just continue making highly enjoyable and intellectually stimulating videos. … Unfortunately, what you learn at the university, you hardly ever see again in your office job. That is why I try to repeat some thing I learned: to enjoy it a bit more, to marvel upon beauty, and to keep my brain sharp. There is where your videos come in perfectly: interesting, amusing and thought provoking problems neatly presented. … You do your best to share your passion, knowledge and experience. The least I can do is to say an honest “Thank you!” As I said, your videos give me much pleasure. You may freely let other people know that. … Rest assured that I shall be watching your videos in the future. With joy and excitement. And I shall comment on them from time to time. You just continue making them.
Zoran V (in private correspondence via YouTube, quoted with permission)

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